Lilac is the legendary, fragrant, flowering
that inspires festivals and poetry, and heralds in the springtime.
Lilacs receive special recognition at botanical gardens and
county fairs. Common Lilac or 'Syringa vulgaris' is rich in
history, evolving from Eastern Europe to become much loved
by our nation. Many famous people have included their experiences
with lilacs in their writings, including George Washington,
Thomas Jefferson and T.S. Eliot.
The oldest growing lilacs in North America are most likely
on the Governor Wentworth estate in Portsmouth, NH, planted
in the mid seventeen hundreds. Common Lilacs are so hardy
and drought tolerant that they have often outlasted the settlers
who planted them and their homesteads, to be found thriving
among the ruins.
Lilacs make a wonderful specimen plant in the landscape, standing
out in the spring, full of bloom and fragrance. Lilacs are
densely branched and can be thick enough to block any view
for privacy. Because of the many varieties, a row of lilacs
can make a hedge of almost any height. The consistent green
of a lilac hedge throughout summer will add contrast to perennials
and make a good backdrop for your garden.
Most Lilacs need winter chill and a definite dormancy for
plentiful bloom. Encourage this dormancy by tapering off on
watering near the end of summer. Common Lilac can eventually
reach 20 feet high with an almost equal spread. Lilac suckers
are vigorous and should be controlled, especially on grafted
plants, so the suckers do not overtake the shrub. Lilacs need
two to five years to grow full size flowers of true color.
Lilac flowers are in shades of pink, lavender, dark purple,
white and variegated flowers with white edges.
There are hundreds of varieties included in S. vulgaris, including
French hybrids. These hybrids flower a little later in the
season and have larger clusters of single or double flowers
in a wider range of color. Some French hybrids such as Lavender
Lady, Blue Skies and Dark Night won't need a long winter chill
and can be grown in milder climates. Other available cultivars
include Syringa hyacinthiflora and Syringa laciniata crosses
between S. vulgaris and other Syringa species that offer variety
in size, structure and especially bloom time; so that a careful
selection of these varieties can extend bloom time in your
Lilacs need a minimum of six hours of sunlight each day to
properly set flower buds. Lilacs like well drained neutral
soil. Plant specimen shrubs ten to fifteen feet apart, for
a hedge plant them two to three feet apart. Give lilacs plenty
of room, planting at least five feet from buildings, so that
their roots do not damage the foundation.
Yearly pruning is not necessary, but cutting faded blooms
once they are spent will encourage more bloom and discourage
seeding. If you need to prune more severely to shape or rejuvenate
you shrub, wait until just after flowering, as this will ensure
buds for the next season.
High nitrogen fertilizers should be avoided, as they which
will encourage green leaf but no bloom. Master Nursery
Rose and Flower Food (5-10-5), applied in spring
should encourage abundant bloom for the next season. A good
layer of much will help hold water in the summer and reduce
If you grew up with a lilac in the garden possibly nothing
will smell more like spring.
Ready for Springtime Gardening
by Keri Bither-Barnes,
DC, DACBN, Shasta Family Chiropractic, Anderson
winter draws to an end, the days get longer and the smell of spring
is in the air. Folks begin to look around the yard and dream about
summer barbeques, friends and fun. They look closer at the yard, notice
that the weeds have taken over, and there is an overwhelming feeling
of despair at the work in front of them.
That first sunny Saturday you enter the weed zone armed with gloves,
shovels, and rakes.you bend, stretch, stoop, and reach all weekend
hoping to make a dent in the mess. Sunday night you go to bed with
a sense of achievement. On Monday morning, you reach for the snooze
button, and realize that you can't move.Your back is throbbing,
your arms hurt, and your legs can't hold you up.What happened?
You felt great while you were gardening - a little out of shape, but
great. You never dreamed you'd hurt like this.
Dr. Keri Barnes, chiropractor and board eligible neurologist in Anderson,
hears this same scenario every spring from weekend gardening warriors.
They come in hunched over and wincing in pain. They receive their
treatment, and leave the office relieved, spouting how they will “never
do it again". They promise to take proper precautions next year.
The next sunny weekend they return to the yard, and then Monday morning
comes bringing the same memorable aches and pains.They come
back to the office, hurting once again.
break the cycle. Although “Gardener’s Back”
is great business for chiropractors, they hate to see people in
pain.Here are some simple tips on training for the “sport”
As in any sport, train before the big day.Two to four weeks
before the season, begin an exercise program to prepare your muscles.
Focus on exercises that target strengthening thigh, butt, back and
abdominal muscles. Stretch before, after, and during gardening.
Five minutes of stretching, can save you a couple of days in pain.
Use proper body mechanics while working in the garden.
Bend and lift from the knees and upper legs, holding heavy objects
close to the body and keeping the back as straight as possible.
Use tools like wheelbarrows when moving objects.
Invest in ergonomic tools. Red Bluff Garden Center in Red
Bluff offers several ergonomic hand-held gardening tools including
trowels, cultivators, and pruning sheers with handles designed for
a more comfortable grip. Felco’s new swivel handled pruners
are preferred by many people who spend a lot of time pruning. Red
Bluff Garden Center also carries Bond ratchet pruners which are
beneficial for those with carpal tunnel, by adding strength to the
closing action of the tool.
Use a circle hoe for weeding and a long handled
water wand to reduce the amount of bending. Water soluble systemic
fertilizers, such as Bayer All in One Rose Care, can be watered
into the soil, again reducing the amount of bending.
Keep fruit trees pruned to a low canopy, so the
fruit can be harvested without a ladder. This is a helpful tip for
folks with balance issues.
Get your spine healthy before you challenge it. Visit your chiropractor
before gardening. Studies show this type of maintenance saves pain
and money. You need far fewer chiropractic adjustments to prevent
an injury than the amount of visits it takes to fix one.
Dr. Keri Bither-Barnes , Board Certified Chiropractic Neurologist,
of Shasta Family Chiropractic, is a graduate of Life Chiropractic
College West and the Carrick Institute of Neurology. Her Anderson
office offers treatment of balance disorders, chronic pain, neuropathies,
movement disorders, low back and neck pain, as well as offering
wellness and preventative care.
Red Bluff Garden Center Nursery in Redding wants the
gardening community to have a beautiful gardening experience. In
addition to the huge selection of gorgeous plants they carry, their
ever-increasing line of ergonomic tools and products will hopefully
add to the enjoyment.
Hopefully these tips find you in time to save you the usual discomfort,
and inspire you take care of your body during the coming gardening
Benefits of Plant Diversity
If you are aiming for a healthy garden
you should consider using a wide variety of plants. By mimicking nature,
growing an array plants that provide nectar at different times, and
flowers and foliage of different shapes and sizes, you invite a diversity
of creatures into your garden and establish natural pest control.
A garden with varied structural complexity in all plant types including,
flowers, vegetables, trees, shrubs, and ground covers will encourage
beneficial fungi and bacteria which have the ability to attack and
control more destructive diseases and discourage overgrowth of detrimental
plants and diseases.
A diverse garden is easy to design. You can look to nature or to your
neighbors for ideas. A varied garden will open the door to underutilized
plants. Our environment benefits by preservation of wild flowers and
other natives. Most of all you will enjoy your garden more with a
rich pallet of color and texture. You will expand your garden experience
and learn more. Here is a partial list of underutilized plants we
recommend for our area:
Salvia Clevelandii Allen Chickering ( is a hybrid
of a California native, Sage. Salvia Clevelandii
is a shrub that grows 3-5 feet high with blue-purple spikes of bloom
throughout the summer. It is drought tolerant and likes full sun.
Andromeda polifolia (Bog Rosemary) is a low evergreen
growing to 3 feet that has pink curled flowers that resemble tiny
snails in spring. It prefers acidic soil and moderate water. Though
it is not related to Rosemary, Andromeda(s needle like leaves strongly
resemble rosemary, but are fatter and a richer green. Bog rosemary
is threatened in the state of Connecticut.
Viburnum plicatum mariesii (Doublefile Viburnum)
is an ornamental shrub that grows to 8' tall to 10' wide. In spring
it has white blooms along each side of the stem in double file.
Viburnum likes sun to partial shade in evenly moist soil.
Westringia fruticosa 'Smokey' (Coast Rosemary)
is a gray-green shrub
with petite needle-like leaves edged in cream. Small white flowers
bloom year-round. Westringia is a hardy plant and good for coastal
areas. Westringia grows 4’-6’ tall,
spreading 5’-10’ wide. Westringia is drought tolerant.
Chamaecyparis pisifera 'Sungold' (False Cypress)
is a conifer with weeping, golden, thread-like branches that grows
in a loose mound to 5' high and 8' wide. False Cypress
needs full sun or part shade and protection from the wind. Ensure
that it has good drainage and water regularly.
Pittosporum tenuifolium Silver Sheen
is a large shrub or small tree with uniform grey leaves that contrast
beautifully with its slender black twigs. Silver Sheen
has a fine texture that can be sheared into a neat hedge or left
to grow into a moderately open small tree. Silver Sheen
likes sun to light shade and moderate to occasional water once established.
Chamaecyparis lawsoniana 'Ellwoodii' (Oregon Cedar)
an upright evergreen shrub with thin blue green branches, that grows
6 to 10 feet tall. Oregon Cedar is used for its
decorative dense evergreen foliage. “Ellwoodii”
requires full sun to part shade and moderate water.
Osmanthus heterophyllus Goshiki ( is a compact evergreen
mounding shrub that grows 5' high and 4' wide. It(s new foliage
is pinkish bronze maturing to a mixture of green, gold, and pink
areas. It likes part shade and moist, well drained soil.
Eriobotrya japonica 'Coppertone' (Loquat) is a
rapidly-growing evergreen tree that can reach 25' to 30' in height
in the shade but is frequently seen 15' tall with a 15' to 25' spread
in a sunny location. The 10" to 12" long leaves are rusty-colored
beneath and have a coarse texture. Fragrant clusters of pale pink
flowers are produced in fall, followed by the delicious, brightly
colored, winter fruit.
Sarcococca ruscifolia (Sweet Box) is a slow growing
evergreen shrub to 3' to 5'. It has small white fragrant flowers
followed by red fruit. It needs shade and regular water. If Sarcococa
ruscifolia is grown against the wall it will form a natural
YOUR SPRINGTIME ENTHUSIASM WITH CONTAINER PLANTINGS
Container plantings are a simple
and beautiful way to add colorful accents to your garden. Containers
elevate the garden and provide us closer access. It’s
easier to catch signs of pests and prevention is simplified
with a smaller amount of plant material and exposed soil surface.
Potting soils come sterilized, which will hinder weeds and prevent
problems with soil borne diseases that can remain in the ground
for many years. The time saved with soil preparation can be
spent deciding what flowers you really want to plant and how
many vegetables you can realistically use.
Containers are portable, giving the option to experiment
with textures and color, showcasing a succession of plants
as they bloom. The mobility of containers offers extreme control
over a plants’ environment, which allows an opportunity
for planting finicky or frost tender species. Planting in
containers can open the door to specialized gardening, such
as tuberosus begonia or bonsai.
Wyntour Gardens has the largest selection of glazed containers
in the North Bay, featuring a huge variety of sizes, styles,
and colors. In addition, our potting bench is available for
use by our customers. Just let us know that you wish to plant
a container, or replant an existing plant. We will provide
guidance in selecting the best combination of plants for your
container, give you some pointers for successful planting,
or just offer moral support and a trowel. In addition, the
soil’s on us! Come in and pick out a pot and some plants,
and create instant beauty for your garden, or as a special
gift for a friend.
Ways to Use Container Plantings:
Change the visual
appearance of an area and to create outdoor rooms
trees (like oaks) or in other places where it is difficult
or impossible to grow in the ground
to hide unsightly areas
To create instant
color and focal points in new homes with un-landscaped
existing plants into containers to take with you when
Container plantings are comprised
of the following components:
Dot Plant. This
is the tallest plant, usually placed in the center
Can be filler or edge plants. Climbing plants, such as
clematis, can be used unsupported as trailing plants.
Where to Begin:
Dot (central) Plant or the container. If Dot Plant is
selected first, you should then decide whether it will
be alone in the container or in a grouping
Make sure all
plants have the same exposure and water requirements.
In shady areas,
use light colored pots, selecting foliage and flowers
Use vibrant colors in plants and containers to compliment
existing plantings, landscape and house colors.
General Types of Containers:
Shape: Lend themselves well to general plantings, Mediterranean
and Oriental styles.
Great for plants with small root structures, especially
sedum, cacti, Bonsai and annuals.
Red Bluff Garden Center' Staff Recommended
For best results,
use Master Nursery Professional Potting Soil or other
top quality potting soil
Make sure all
containers have drainage holes
Use P4 polymer
granules for improved water retention
Pot Feet raise
containers off the ground. This improves air circulation,
discourages sowbugs and protects patios and decks from
staining and mildew.
platforms on wheels keep large, heavy plantings off the
ground and are useful for moving the plants. These are
especially useful with frost-sensitive plants such as
citrus, which need to be moved to a protected location
during the winter.
can be partially filled with Styrofoam peanuts (not corn
based, as these will decompose), empty milk or soda jugs
and/or uncrushed aluminum cans to take up space at the
bottom and provide good drainage.
Container plantings make great gifts, and can be customized
for any holiday or special occasion with a few ribbons and
decorations. They are easy, fun and very beautiful.
As a flower lover, I had no respect for annual vegetables
until I grew a few in my garden last summer. Thinking of them as strictly
annuals I was amazed at the bang I got for my dollar. They provided both
flowers and edible fruit. The tomatoes grew and produced all summer long
and the peppers lasted well into the fall. Cucumbers covered my chain link
fence and provided healthy summertime snacks for my family. The taste of
a fresh picked melon on a hot August afternoon was heaven. I was hooked.
Here at Red Bluff Garden Center we have a lot to
offer the vegetable gardener. By the end of beginning of April our annual
tables will be overflowing with vegetable seedlings. Our knowledgeable
staff can guide you through the many plants and varieties. Here is some
information on our most popular vegetables to get you started. Handouts
are available with vegetable planting suggestions and descriptions of
tomato and pepper varieties.
must be in cultivation for at least 50 years. Some have been
around for hundreds of years such as Yellow Pear tomato which
has been cultivated since before 1805. Heirloom tomatoes must
be able to reproduce themselves from seed as opposed to hybrids
which don’t grow true from their own seed.
Hybrid tomatoes will not grow
from seeds to be exactly like the parent plant. Some hubrids
have been bred for disease resistance and this will be noted
by initials in variety name or on the label. Here is an explanation
of these initials.
V= Verticillium resistance.
Verticillium wilt results from infection by a fungus that
invades and plugs the water conducting tissues in the roots
and stems of plants.
F= Fusarium resistance. Fusarium
wilt, like Verticillium wilt results from infection by a fungus
that invades and plugs the water conducting tissues in the
roots and stems of plants.
N=Nematodes. Nematodes live
in the soil and feed on either the inside or outside of plant
roots. Nematode damage limits the ability of the root system
to supply the aboveground plant parts with water and nutrients,
causing the plant to wilt, discolor, and sometimes die.
T=Tobacco mosaic virus. Mosaic
viruses cause the foliage to become molted or streaked. There
are no chemical cures for viruses.
A=Alternaria stem canker.
Cankers are caused by fungi and bacteria that infect the soft
tissue just under the bark. As the virus spreads, the tissues
darken and die, which closes off the water and nutrient conducting
S=Stempphylium grey leaf spot.
Leaf spotting fungi spore are blown or splashed on healthy
leaves, and a spot forms where spores infect a leaf. Leaf
spots are most severe in mild, wet weather.
Often a tomato variety will list a number of days. This show
how many days to harvest from the day you plant it in your
Indeterminate, often written
as (In.) means a sprawling tomato plant that grows 6’-20’
and continues to produce fruit until cold weather.
Determinate (D) is bushy plant
that grows 18”- to 5’. They are best for containers.
Their fruit is produced all at once, which makes them the
better choice for cooking and preserving.
The tomato variety Husky is an exception
to the rule, and is the first indeterminate plant that is
compact. Husky is a great tasting tomato,
perfect in pots or small spaces. Husky produces
fruit until frost.
Peppers are fun and easy to grow because
they are relatively pest free. Peppers are a tender, warm-season
vegetable, so don’t plant them outside until after
the last day of frost (April 15th in Zone 9). Pepper plants
require higher temperatures, grow more slowly and are
smaller than most tomato plants.
Peppers prefer well-amended soil made up of organic
matter, supplemented with a balanced fertilizer. Place
in an area that will receive the most sun and plant
18 inches apart with rows 3 feet apart. Many varieties
will bear heavily, so it is a good idea to use a small
tomato cage or stake for support. Once the nighttime
temperatures consistently stay above 50 degrees, plant
seedlings where they will receive the most sun, 18 inches
Peppers like well-drained soil with moderate moisture.
Use a starter fertilizer such as Master Nursery Master
Start when transplanting into the ground. Supplemental
fertilizers can be used after the first flush of peppers
is set. Protect pepper plants from hot dry winds.
When peppers are mature, they break easily from the
plant, but peppers can be harvested at any size. Using
a sharp knife to remove the fruit will prevent damage
to their stems. It may be wise to wear gloves and take
care not to rub your eyes; the oils can get into sensitive
tissue and burn.
for pickling or slicing, have become one of the
most popular home garden crops. Cucumbers are
a subtropical crop, requiring long, hot days,
plenty of sunshine, and warm nights. Cucumbers
will not take frost so do not plant them outside
until after the last frost date, which in Zone
9 is April 15th.
Cucumbers like plenty of water and loose, well
draining soil. Mulch will help retain moisture.
Prior to planting, you should add a complete fertilizer,
such as Master Nursery 5-10-10 Tomato and Vegetable
Fertilizer. Cucumber seedlings can be planted
in hills with 2 to 3 plants per hill, spaced at
4 to 5 feet apart. They can also be planted 2
to 3 feet apart, with rows 5 to 6 feet apart.
Cucumbers can also be grown in containers, or
up strong trellises.
Cucumbers can be picked on the basis of size
and are ready for harvest 50 to 70 days from planting.
Harvest by cutting the stem ¼ inch above
the fruit, taking care not to break the brittle
vines. As they grow beyond perfect ripeness, cucumbers
will turn yellow and become bitter. The growing
fruit takes a lot of the plant’s energy,
so cucumbers should be picked often to ensure
Melons grow on vines and are native to
the tropics. They need 3 to 4 months of
hot days and warm nights, and should not
be planted outside until April 15th, the
last frost date. Melons need plenty of moisture
to grow. Melons need nutrient-rich soil,
well draining soil. Pick the sunniest spot
to plant melons. Melons grow best when soil
temperatures are 70°-85°.
They are large vines and they need a lot
of room. Plant seedlings 16 inches apart
on small mounds. If you are planting melons
in rows plant them in a zigzag pattern and
keep rows 36 inches apart. If garden space
is at a premium look for a bush variety
or grow your melon vine on a strong trellis.
It takes some practice to know when melons
are ripe. Look at the part of the melon
on the ground, if it is gold, or yellow,
the melon is ripe and ready to harvest.
If the melon is detached or is easy to pull
from the vine, it is ripe. The fruits will
ripen about the same time so if one fruit
is ripe, chances are the rest of the fruit
is ready for harvest as well. Most ripe
melons should come off the vine with no
resistance at all.
Citrus are highly ornamental
sub-tropical plants which include oranges,
lemons, limes, grapefruit, pummelo &
Citrus appear in recorded
history for many centuries.
They were used as medicinals in
ancient India and in the Persian empire
They were pampered in the orangeries
of Louis XIV at Versailles, not for
the fruit,but touse the
fragrant flowers at his banquets.
was introduced into the New World
by Christopher Columbus
Rind of bergamot (Citrus bergamia)
continues to be used to make eau de
cologne, and is an important ingredient
in many other perfume products.
Facts About Growing Citrus
generally do better in warm climates.
are usually evergreen.
have sweetly scented flowers.
citrus are thorny. Perhaps the thorns
developed to protect the fruits from
do not like freezing temperatures
- protect plants (especially young
plants) from frost.
- Select the warmest microclimate
in your yard. Avoid low lying areas
and coldpockets. Citrus are
often planted on slopes.
- For maximum heat, plant on southern
or western sides of the house.
- Soil will insulate roots against
cold. Even if the top of the plant
is killed, new shoots may sprout
from the roots the following spring.
If new growth appears at the graftor
below, remove this new growth.
- To encourage fall hardiness, avoid
feeding tender plants with nitrogen
fertilizers from mid- to late summer.
Do not encourage new growth at this
- Wrap tiny twinkle lights around
trees to raise the temperature.
- Build a frame with frost cloth
- do not allow frost cloth to touch
- 55 degrees F is the lowest temperature
at which growth takes place for
- Optimum temperature range for
growth of oranges is 70 - 90 degrees
is a good time to plant citrus.
need good drainage and rich soil,
but can grow in all types of soil
like lots of water.
in a sunny location.
trunks with white paint to prevent
do well in greenhouses.
varieties do well in containers, especially
requires long, hot growing seasons
to reach peak quality and sweetness
have lowest heat requirements
suckers and water sprouts. Leaves
are larger and look different, branches
grow straight up and are fat.
fruit if too heavy on the limb. Pruning
will help strengthen the limbs.
trees usually begin bearing fruit
within 1-2 years.
often have unpredictable fruit quality.
varieties are self-fruitful.
area beneath the trees weed free.
with citrus fertilizer in early spring,
early summer, early autumn. Reduce
In addition to having
delicious fruit, citrus trees are extremely
rewarding for the home gardener and
appealing in the landscape, for the
have large, bold leaves
bear brightly colored fruit in a variety
trees can be used in the landscape
to create a tropical ambiance
can be pruned and espaliered
is much variation in the size of citrus
plants, from small shrubs (dwarf Meyer
lemon) to large trees (grapefruit).
is also much variation in the size
of fruits, from very small (kumquat)
to very large(pummelo).
plants are tropical plants which can be grown
outdoors in mild winter areas of the United
In order to successfully
grow citrus, it is important to understand
their native climate.
no distinct seasons
warm temperatures throughout the
/ Pale green leaves that eventually
fall off may indicate a nitrogen deficiency.
Fruit drop is caused by inconsistent
watering or nitrogen deficienty.
Aphids & scales are common. Watch
carefully, especially beginning in May.
Ladybugs and many products on the market
will control insects.
Flowering Trees and Shrubs
Denotes California native
Leaf Flw. Plum
are many products available for testing your
soil. You can test for Ph alone, for Nitrogen,
Phosphorous and Potash and even for moisture
and light. Ask our Nursery staff to show you
optimum gardening success, have your soil
analyzed by a certified laboratory to determine
nutrient needs. We recommend the services
of Monarch Laboratory, Inc. in Chico, CA.
They will be glad to send you their price
list and soil sample requirements.
(Yarrow/Milfoil) has many wonderful properties.
Yarrows root secretions will activate
the disease resistance of nearby plants, and
it is known to intensify the medicinal actions
of other herbs. Its medicinal and cosmetic
properties are numerous and can be found in
a variety of herb books. The decorative flower
heads come in many colors and hold their color
when dried, making Yarrow an excellent plant
for use in wreaths and dried flower arrangements.
Perhaps the most
interesting attribute of yarrow is its ability
to speed decomposition in raw compost. According
to Lesley Bremness, author of The Complete
Book of Herbs, one small leaf (of
yarrow) will speed decomposition of a wheelbarrow
full of raw compost.
Simple Decoy to keep Birds away from
Fool birds by
hanging red Christmas tree balls amongst
One peck at the decoys and the birds
will leave the real tomatoes alone for
We havent tried this yet, but
it sure sounds like an interesting
in 1938 by the National Wildlife Federation
(NWF), this celebratory week encourages
children and adults to learn and experience
nature, starting in their own communities.
Gardens can provide the perfect environment
to provide sustenance for most of the
wildlife frequenting our backyards.
According to the NWF, wildlife have
four basic habitat requirements:
Flowers, shrubs and trees provide
seeds, berries, leaves, buds and nectar,
all of which feed birds, butterflies
and other insects, and small mammals.
Native plants are preferred by wildlife
and require less care.
A small pond or birdbath provides
a home for fish and drink for birds.
Ponds attract other animals, such
as frogs and salamanders, and birdbaths
placed low to the ground will draw
squirrels, chipmunks and other small
Shrubs and trees offer homes for birds
and food for deer. Tall grasses are
home to grasshoppers, garter snakes
and some ground-nesting birds.
Places to Raise
Young. Butterflies require
special plants for laying their eggs,
frogs and toads lay eggs only in shallow
water. Birds nest in birdhouses as
well as shrubs and trees.
staff can help you select plants and
other products to make
your garden more wildlife friendly.
Most Attractive Nectar Plants for
Attracting Butterflies and Moths
Oregano (Wild Marjoram)
Salvia Blue Bedder (Texas Violet)
Garlic Chives (Chinese Chives)
Privet (Common Privet)
Heliotrope Marine (Common Heliotrope)
Sedum (Autumn Joy)
Creeping Wood Sorrel
Red Giant Mustard
Brassica juncea var. rugusa
Native Nectar Plants for Attracting Butterflies and Moths
Mistflower (Wild Ageratum)
Indian Hemp (Dogbane)
New England Aster
Great Blue Lobelia (Blue Cardinal Flower)
Blazing Star (Gayfeather)
Sweet Pepperbush (Summersweet)
New York Ironweed
Small White Aster
Wild Blue Phlox (Sweet William)
For Specific Types
To attract swallowtails, plant Butterfly Bush, Common
Milkweed, Joe-Pye Weed (Eupatorium purpureum), Oregano, and Oriental
To attract hairstreaks, try Garlic Chives (Allium tuberosum),
Dogbane (Apocynum cannabinum), Heath Aster and Late-flowering Boneset.
For skippers, plant Globe Amaranth, Brazilian Verbena,
Butterfly Bush and Mist Flower.
Plants that caterpillars eat: Common Lambsquarters (Chenopodium
album), milkweeds, asters, parsley, clover, and Common Blue Violets
a Flower Clock
In 1748, Swedish botanist
Carolus Linnaeus planted the flower clock he developed.
Want to try it? The following is a list of popular plants whose
blossoms open and close at specific hours. Plant the flowers in
order around the outside of a circle and when they bloom you have
a flower clock.
5:00 - 6:00 am
Morning Glories and Wild Roses
7:00 - 8:00 am
8:00 - 9:00 am
9:00 - 10:00 am
10:00 - 11:00 am
Goatsbeard opens, Morning Glories close
Four Oclocks open
4:00 - 5:00 pm
California Poppies close
Evening Primroses and Moonflowers open
8:00 - 9:00 pm
Daylilies and Dandelions close
9:00 - 10:00 pm
Flowering Tobacco opens
10:00 pm - 2:00 am
Night-Blooming Cereus opens
be Slimed by Snails and Slugs
Due to the long, wet spring season, snails
and slugs have been especially rampant this year, grazing their way
through multitudes of broad-leafed plants throughout the garden. They
especially enjoy Hostas, but are very happy feasting on any
plants with nice, cool foliage and succulent leaves to munch.
There are many products to help control these voracious
garden destroyers. Products we have found to be most effective include:
snails & slugs. Use on fruit, vegetables, berries, ornamentals,
lawns, and in greenhouses.Safe to use around pets & wildlife.
over 65 insects, including Japanese beetles, cabbage worms, ticks
and ants. Use onvegetables, fruit trees, ornamentals, and
lawns. Safe to use as flea and tick repellent on petsand wildlife.
slug & insect meal. Kills snails, slugs, ants, earwigs, grasshoppers,
crickets, sowbugs, cutworms, armyworms, and millipedes. Remains
effective after rain or sprinkling. Master Nursery product.
Quick-Kill Mosquito Bits® and
mosquito controls that kill mosquito larvae within 24 hours. Active
ingredient: Bacillus thuringiensis. Place in any standing water,
including water gardens.
With all insecticides, it is extremely
important to follow manufacturers directions carefully.
Organic Methods: It is also possible to lower the population of
snails, slug and other destructive critters without the use of chemicals,
though this involves more diligence on the part of the gardener. Of
course, one can always spend time collecting snails in the dark, but
the following list of products and ideas may be helpful in eliminating
Cocoa Mulch An
organic fertilizer and soil conditioner made from cocoa bean hulls.
Its crunchy texturedeters slugs, snails and most cats. As a top
dressing, Cocoa Mulch is easy to spread, light to handle, retains moisture
and suppresses weeds. When mixed into the soil, Cocoa Mulch breaks
up heavy clay soils and adds humus to light sandy soils.
Diatomaceous Earth Finely
ground natural fossil shells. Act as a repellent for snails, slugs and
other creatures, asthey are reluctant to cross the powder. In
addition, the unique soil conditioning properties of Diatomaceous
Earths aid in loosening soil and absorb up to two and a half times
its weight in water for better soil moisture retention.
Snail & Slug Copper Barrier Tape A
non-invasive product, this inch-wide copper tape has a natural electric
charge which repels snails and slugs. For trees, planters, patio
furniture, pet dishes, raised flower and garden beds. Copper Barrier
Tape comes with adhesive backing to adhere to tree trunks and
Snail & Slug Traps Handy
little reusable plastic containers, which, when filled with yeast-containing
bait, attracts snails and slugs. Come in a package of three. Place traps
in a hole, so the top of the trap is flush with the top of the soil.
Fill with one of the suggested baits.
show that fermented yeast in beer is a great attractant. Tests have
shown thatnon-alcoholic beer works best. Fill the trap to about
1/2 inch from the top with fresh beer.Clean and refill every
Dough (from the folks at Organic Gardening). This brew can be kept
in the refrigerator.
1 Tbs. molasses
3 Tbs. cornmeal
1/2 cup flour
1/2 cup water
1/2 Tbs. yeast
To catch sowbugs
and earwigs, spread layers of newspaper over the soil. The
sowbugs and earwigs will be attracted to the dark, cool areas between
the sheets of paper. Collect the paper in the morning and dispose
of it. Reapply the newspaper mulch.
the Color of Hydrangeas
Hydrangeas are fast growing shrubs with big, bold
leaves and huge clusters of long-lasting flowers available in a
wide variety of colors ranging from reds to pinks to blues to pink
and whites. Lace cap and oak leaf varieties are also available.
Hydrangeas are good looking as single plants, massed, or in tubs
on the patio. They are easy to grow in rich, porous soil. They like
lots of water and partially filtered shade, working best when planted
on the east side of the house.
While all hydrangeas like acid soil, the higher
the acid content, the deeper the blue flowers become (below pH 5.5).
The more alkaline, the deeper the pink and red flowers become (pH
7.0 and higher).
For deeper blues, adding aluminum sulfate to the
soil gives the fastest results. Iron chelate, in liquid or powder
form can be sprayed on the plant for fast results, and iron sulfate
is also often used. Applying oyster shell lime or superphosphate
in quantity will keep the color strong in pink and red colored flowers.
These measures work most effectively when started well ahead of
To change colors organically, Organic Camellia Azalea
Food and Cottonseed Meal enhance the blues and Oyster Shell Lime
meal is good for enhancing the pinks and reds. When using the organic
products, it is best to begin the pH adjustment earlier in the season
than with the chemical products.