Untitled Document
Vegetable Garden Prep Class
-Site Selection-
*Shade/Sun hours
--Direction of Sun
*Soil Profile
--Ground vs. raised bed
--Drainage
*Irrigation Availability
*History of Site
--Any allelopathic plants present
*Wind
*Neighbors
*Pests, Wildlife, Pets
*What type of crop?
--Root crops
--Above ground crops
-Site and Soil Prep-
*Herbicide, Pre-emergent
*Amendments
*Pre-Plant Fertilizers
*Tilling vs. No Tilling
*Pre-Plant Mulch
--Newspaper, bark, wood chips, bark, pine needless, leaves, grass clippings, nutshells, and weed mat.
*Feed the soil, not the plant
*Cover Crops
-Ready to Plan-
*Time of Year
*Crop Selection
--Canning
--Fresh
*Crop Rotation
*Irrigation
--Determined by crops and crop placement
--Crops and crop placement also determined by irrigation
*Soil Temperature
--Night Temp
*Shade Structures
--Veggies in this area will bear under 30% shade
*Trellising or Staking
* Companion Planting
-Ready to Plant-
*Water thoroughly
Building A Healthy Soil
The Soil Community
Macrofauna:
Snails,Slugs,Earthworms,Sowbugs,Millipedes,Centipedes,Beetles,Ants Spiders and Mites
Macroflora:
Plant Roots
Microflora:
Bacteria-
In a rich soil environment up to 1 billion bacteria cells per 1 cubic centimeter.
Fungi-
Largest % of the total soil microfloral mass.
1 gram of soil can contain as much as 50 meters of mycelia
Actinomycetes-
Produce single cell colonies like bacteria,but also permeate the soil with mycelia.

Carbon Base Plant & Animals Residue
-Broken down by the macrofauna into pieces which are more easily broken down by the microflora.
-The bacteria & fungi as they decompose the residue by extracting the energy. This process releases nutrients and this residue is known as humus.
-Humus is nitrogen enrich.
-Humus gives the soil its dark coloration.
-Humus helps sandy soil granulate-holds together better.
-Humus loosens clay soil.
-Humus allows for better air & water penetration which is great for roots.
-Humus provides a carbon energy supply that encourages beneficial microflora activities.
All This Activity
"During organic matter decomposition,soil organism release nutrients from all these"
"residue & makes them available to the plant. Nutrients such as nitrogen,phosphorus, "
and sulfur.

The small area immediately around the roots abound with 10 to even 100 times more
microflora-than the area away from roots.

Beneficial Soil Bacteria & Fungus
-They can produce antibiotic which duppress soil pathogens diseases such as phenols
and penicillion.
-A proliferation of good bacterial & fungal microflora able to suppress pathogens through
"antagonism,competition,predation."
Mycorrhizae-Enhance root growth & function which in turn aids overall plant growth.
They are threadlike hyphae of various fungus-Think Of Them As Root Extenders.
-They penetrate the root tissues and surround the root mass. From here they extend far into the surrounding soil.
Soil Micropores-These mycorrhizae can get into the smallest of pores between soil particles.
-Even the smallest of root hairs can't get into.
-They aid in the absoption of water & nutrients-especially nitrogen & phosphourus.They consume & share these nutrients with the roots of the host plant, which in turn share photosynthesized nutrients such as sugars with the mycorrhizae fungus.
-Clay Soils
-Sandy Soils
Site and Soil Prep

Methods for acquiring a weed free area

*Hand weeding and spot spraying with organic herbicide
*Applying herbicide to entire area
*Sterilization by solarization heats the soil and kills diseases, weeds, and fungus by using clear plastic to raise the temperature to 108-130 degrees
*Pre-emergents can be used after the sterilizing procedure to reduce new weeds from popping up
Adding Amendments and nutrients
*Giving your soil organic matter is best, infertile soil that has good physical properties can be made productive with a little help
*Leaves, manure, worm castings, and decaying matter provided by Bumper crop, Pay dirt, Black Forest compost and our Eureka Planting Mix are good choices. The humic acid provided by John and Bob's soil optimizer is ideal for working hard infertile soil
*Adding pre-plant fertilizers is good to do when adding amendments and allows it to break down and become available to the plant early
Work the soil how you see fit
*First time gardens will most likely need to be tilled to loosen the soil and incorporate the amendments
*After the initial till, layering organic material will do the trick
*Having a no till policy will conserve the carbon in the soil, maintain moisture, reduce wind and rain erosion and keep the soil biologicals happy
*Others prefer to till every season and add top soil
Pre-plant Mulches
*Nice choices are small bark, newspaper, grass clippings, rice hulls and nutshells and leaves
*Sawdust depletes nitrogen from the soil and becomes too compacted, pine needles lower the pH
*adding these mulches retains moisture, suppresses weeds and gives the soil something to chew on
Keep the soil happy in the off season
*Planting cover crops such as legumes keeps the soil active and alive
*Legumes such as clover, bell beans, fava beans, and others fix nitrogen in the soil
*Cover crops retain moisture, prevent erosion and add nutrients
Flowers for summer heat
* Represents new varieties
Perennials
Annuals
* Salvia coahuelensis hybrid
*Gazania Sunbater 'Sunset'
*Gazania Sunbather 'Gold Coast'
Ajuga 'Garden Glow'
Ajuga 'Silver Queen'
Bidens 'Solaire'
Callibrachoa Double Mini Famous
Chrysocephelum 'Flambe'
Coreopsis 'Full Moon'
Coreopsis 'Rising Sun'
Coreopsis 'Sunfire'
Delphinium 'Guardian Blue'
Dianthus 'Amazon'
Echinacea
Eryngium 'Blue Glitter'
Eryngium 'Hobbit'
Euphorbia 'Helena'
Heuchera 'Caramel'
Heuchera 'Citronelle'
Heuchera 'Tiramisu'
Lantana Bandanas
Lavender Ruffles Series
Monarda Petites
Muhlenbeckia Nepeta 'Little Trudy'
Petunia 'Cotton Candy'
Petunia 'Raspberry Blast'
Phlox Paniculata Flame Series
Phygelius 'Cherry ripe'
Phygelius 'Passionate'
Ruellia brittoniana 'Katie Pink'
Ruellia 'Katie Purple'
Scaevola 'Whirlwind'
Stachys 'Hildago'
Thunbergia Thyme 'Highland Cream'
Thyme 'Magic Carpet'
Thyme 'Silver Posie'
Tiarella
Verbena
*Begonia 'Bellfire'
*Begonia 'Bonfire'
*Eggplant 'Hansel'
*Impatien 'Extreme'
Basil 'Lime'
Basil 'Pesto Perpetual'
Basil 'Red Rubin'
Carnation 'Can Can'
Cleome Spirit Series
Eggplant 'Fairytale'
Euphorbia 'Diamond Frost'
New Guinea Impatien Painted Paradise (old plant revisited)
Pentas
Salvia 'Hummingbird Coral'
Salvia 'Lady in Red'
Sanvitalia 'Sunbini'
Thunbergia
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